This page is about crime committed by confirmed male-born transgender people or by men taking advantage by claiming to be transgender.
Why have such a page? Are male-born trans people more likely to commit crime than other males? Not as far as I’m aware. And if their testosterone level decreases as a result of treatment, their rate of crime may be lower, so I’m told. In fact, I’m aware of research that shows the rate of crime doesn’t decrease as a result of transition. I’m also aware of research that shows it does. (Nobody, so far as I know, is trying to suggest that all transgender people are criminals, and I don’t know why this accusation ever gets made by anyone.)
More importantly, I’m aware that the rate of violent and sexual crimes committed by male trans people is much higher than the rate for such crimes committed by women – including those who transition because they identify as men. And the sexual crimes committed by transfolk tend to involve a penis, which is something women don’t have. Nevertheless, they are reported as having been committed by women and few things make me angrier than seeing headlines falsely alleging that a woman has been charged with rape or a police press release wrongly stating that a woman was arrested for assaulting me when it was quite clearly and obviously a man. I kept an eye on the rape case and felt pathetically grateful that, when it finally went to court many months later, all the press coverage, including the local paper, were referring to the defendant – who has 42 previous convictions! – as a transgender woman. I started to think we might be making progress. Then I read that a woman had murdered her wife. Both perpetrator and victim were born male but the headline calls them ‘women’? That’s what I call “dark and insidious”.
One major concern and the main reason for highlighting violent crimes committed by trans people is that there are rapists in women’s prisons. But how how many trans people are actually outside committing serious violent and/or sex crimes? It’s impossibe to know if you don’t have access to full and accurate information for every country in the world and I don’t know of anyone who does. I had collected several reports of such crimes before discovering the excellent Trans Crime UK site which, at the time of writing, is the target of attempts by trans activists to get it closed down. For this reason, I’ve decided to publish the links I’ve collected and to add further links as new stories become available, while deferring to the other site as a far better and fuller resource, at least as far as the UK is concerned.
Below are the reports I’ve collected from the last few years (years refer to when the story linked to appears, not necessarily when the crime took place) and at the bottom of the page a rogues’ gallery of older cases lifted from elsewhere.
Update: 09.09.18 I’ve moved the section on Prison to a separate page here.
Another peak trans moment
The first isn’t the worst in that at least Hauxwell’s victims were adults but I’m starting with it because it was one of my peak trans moments. It was the first report I ever read – back in March 2017 – in which a newspaper refers to a rapist throughout as “she”, even though it also says that Craig Hauxwell aka Lisa Hauxwell, “could be living as a man or a woman”.
2017 England: Police hunting on-the-run rapist living as man and woman Lancashire Telegraph
“A convicted sex offender who has been on the run for several months and has been living as a man and a woman featured during a national Crimewatch appeal. Lisa Hauxwell, 48, was sentenced in her absence to 14 years in prison last year for two rapes and seven indecent assaults that took place between 2001 and 2002 in the Newton Aycliffe area.”
When Hauxwell was caught he was found to have been living as a man after all. I presume but don’t actually know that he is serving his sentence in a men’s prison. Hauxwell may not genuinely identify as trans but this case surely highlights the dangers of people being allowed to legally self-identify.
Here are other stories in date order, newest at the top:
Canada 2019: Vancouver Island man who secretly filmed woman on toilet gets conditional discharge CBC 14.02.19
“The court heard that P.B.D. does not have much sexual experience and spends most of his free time alone, playing video games. He enjoys watching online videos of women who’ve been secretly recorded, and told the psychologist who interviewed him that he thought it would be “more special” if he made his own video.”
USA 2019: Transgender woman arrested accused of sexually assaulting teen in Walmart bathroom KXII 13.02.19
“A police affidavit shows that late last month Sean Ojeda, also known as Alicia Gray, was sitting on a bench near the grocery section in Walmart. When she saw the 16-year-old, she followed him into the bathroom and began inappropriately touching the teen.”
Scotland 2019: Mum of supermarket toilet sex assault victim warns freed attacker could strike again Dundee Courier
“She grabbed the terrified youngster by the face, shoved her into the cubicle and ordered her to remove her trousers.
But instead of being jailed at Kirkcaldy Sheriff Court, Dolatowski, who identifies as a woman but was believed by her victim’s family to be a man, was given community payback and tagging orders.”
On the same story: Female-only spaces ‘must be given greater protection’ The Times 06.02.19
Canada 2018: Transgender woman gets 18-month sentence for sexually assaulting daughter The Star 30.10.19
“The 33-year-old — the victim’s biological father — had pleaded guilty to crimes that took place in 2013 when the girl was just three. The accused was separated from the girl’s mother at the time, and in the months following the assaults, she underwent a sex change.”
USA 2018: Transgender Proponent of Mixed-Sex Showers, Locker Rooms Raped Deaf Woman: Johanna Wolf Women are Human 04.01.19
Johanna Adrianna Wolf, aged 35, identifies as transgender and is an activist for transgender rights. Born male and named Jonathan Adrian Wolf before his legal name change, Mr. Wolf has prominently campaigned for men who identify as women to be granted lawful access to women’s and girls’ sex-specific accommodations, including restrooms, locker rooms and public showers.
USA 2018: Three Men – Including Transgender – Sexually Enslave, Torture 14-Year-Old Girl Women are Human 03.7.18
Cincinnati, Ohio Three young men – including one who self-identifies as a woman – were arrested and charged with holding a 14-year-old child in sexual captivity.
England 2018: Male cop jailed for online child sex offences has been released and is now a woman Sun 12.11.18
Stacey Pool, 30, formerly known as PC Nick Pool, was jailed for three and a half years in 2017 for grooming and possession of child sex pictures.
England 2018: Transgender prisoner born a male who sexually assaulted female inmates after being jailed for rape is sentenced to life Telegraph 11.10.18
“A ‘predatory and highly manipulative’ rapist and paedophile has been jailed for life after a court heard how she used a transgender persona to attack female prisoners. Karen White, 52, who was born a man, used the guise of wanting to change sex to convince the authorities to place her in a women’s prison where she sexually assaulted two female inmates. White carried out the attacks at New Hall women’s prison in Wakefield, West Yorkshire, while being held on remand accused of a knife attack on a neighbour and raping two women. ”
AND YET THE NEWSPAPER STILL REFERS TO HIM AS ‘SHE’ THROUGHOUT!
England 2018: Trans woman, 41, pretended to be a boy to groom a girl Metro 1.10.18
“A sex offender who claims to be transgender has been jailed for 11 years after pretending to be a boy to try and groom a girl. Jacinta Brooks, 41, asked a 12-year-old girl to send indecent pictures of herself – the third time she is known to have targeted children. Brooks, who identifies as a woman and was previously known as Duncan Smart, has previously faced the courts for having sex with someone who is underage and child abuse.”
England 2018: Rapist transgender woman found guilty despite calling new abuse case ‘b*****ks’ Metro 08.09.18
“A convicted rapist transgender woman who told the jury a new child abuse case against her was ‘a load of bollocks’ has been found guilty. Carrie Cooper, 52, was convicted of eight charges of sexual assault and one assault by penetration after attacking the girl in Hertford between 2007 and 2012. When Cooper was known as Gary, she was jailed for 14 years and four months for raping a 12-year-old girl in Basingstock, St Albans Crown Court heard.”
England 2018 Transgender person accused of rape is remanded into female prison and sexually assaults inmates within days Telegraph 06.09.18
“The prison service has apologised after a transgender inmate, charged with raping a woman, sexually assaulted four fellow inmates just days after being remanded into an all female jail.
Convicted paedophile Karen White, who was born Stephen Wood, was undergoing gender reassignment, but had not undergone full surgery, when she was accused of repeatedly raping a woman in 2016.”
2018 USA: Man Hides Past as Child Rapist by Becoming Transgender, Changing Name: Allison (née Dennis) Woolbert Women are Human 02.06.18
“Allison Woolbert was a prominent trans activist, and is a veteran of the United States Air Force, a man who identifies as a woman, and a convicted child rapist. At the age of 28, while still legally known by his birth name, Dennis, Mr. Woolbert repeatedly raped his relative, a 15-year-old girl, by forceful penetration. The sexual assaults occurred over a two-month period in 1992. After serving four years of a six-year prison sentence for the crime, Mr. Woolbert was released from prison and declared himself a woman.”
Canada 2018: Transgender convict gets 10 years for 2 sex assaults, declared dangerous offender CBC News 22.05.18
“A convicted sex offender who identifies as a woman has been sentenced to 10 years in prison for two sexual assaults and declared a dangerous offender. Patrick Pearsall, 53, who prefers to be called “Tara,” was convicted by a jury last year of sexually assaulting a teenager and a young woman in Toronto. The assault against the teenager occurred in 2015, while the assault against the young woman occurred in 2008. Both the teen and woman believed they were pregnant at the time.”
2018 Scotland: Convicted paedophile starts secret new life as a woman Scottish Sun
“Christopher Noble, 32, transitioned to Christyl Knight while behind bars for keeping a stash of over 4,000 vile pictures and videos of kids as young as six months old. The con is desperate for a fresh start but child protection expert Claude Knights said: “Allowing these individuals to hide a secret past is a dangerous practice.””
“Karen Jones, 34, who was born Mark Jones, is a convicted sex offender described by a judge as posing an ‘extremely serious risk’ to the public. She was jailed for five years in 2001 after admitting suffocating and strangling 43-year-old partner Michael Cutler and leaving his decomposing body wrapped in a sheet in their Manchester home.
Five days after being released early on licence in 2002, Jones brutally assaulted a female shop assistant after gagging her mouth with a lemon and trying to rape her. She was sentenced to life in prison.”
2017 England Woman posed as teenage girl on Facebook to entice young boys to perform sex acts The Mirror
“Jasmine Hill set up a fake Facebook account and groomed the underage boys to perform increasingly more explicit sexual acts.”
IT’S A MAN DAMMIT! There’s no mention in this story that this is the offender is male.
2018 England Convicted sex offender Lana Laws, avoids jail after breaching order Kent Online
“A convicted sex offender has narrowly avoided going straight to jail after being found living with a teenage girl. Accountant Lana Laws was placed on the Sex Offenders’ Register for 10 years in February 2011 for downloading illegal images of children. Canterbury Crown Court heard she was then called Ben Laws but “now identifies herself as a woman”.”
“Michelle Martinez – known as Miguel before identifying as a female – was convicted of first and second degree sexual abuse of a minor on Wednesday. The young girl had told police that Martinez – from Casper, Wyoming – took her to a bathroom before touching her breasts and genitalia. She then penetrated the girl.” Note: This story is basically true but it did not happen in a public bathroom as originally reported.
2017 New Zealand: HIV positive child sex offender paroled, takes on new identity NZ Herald
“The offender, 33, who was sentenced under the birth name Rory Francis, served six-and-a-half years in prison for a raft of sex crimes against two young children over three years. Francis had been diagnosed as HIV positive before the offending, which came after an earlier jail term for sexually assaulting a 7-year-old boy…. Rory Francis now identifies as a female and has changed her name to Laken McKay. She was freed in May and is now living in Auckland.”
“Amateur photographer Nicola Florida, 50, served eight years for a string of sexual offences on children – and taking indecent pictures of some of them. The offences took place when she was a man called Ross Florida – when she was subsequently banned from possessing a camera and having or taking photographs of any children aged under 16. But a court heard that Florida – who switched to start using a woman’s name while in prison four years ago – breached the order after being released last year.”
2016 England: Transgender woman David aka Davina Ayrton jailed for raping teenager BBC
“The 15-year-old girl was attacked by Davina Ayrton – then called David – in a garage in 2004. Ayrton, 34, denied the assault but was found guilty at Portsmouth Crown Court. She was placed on the sex offenders register for life. Judge Ian Pearson described the rape as “traumatic” and said the “scars and effects will never leave” the victim…. The defendant said she had not “made any physical changes or enhancements” to her body or taken any medication. She changed her name in 2012.”
2017 England Woman sentenced for images of child sex abuse and possession of extreme pornography Somerset Live
“Defending, Patrick Mason said Leverton’s circumstances were ‘unusual’, having been born a man but now legally recognised as female.
“She accepts responsibility for what she has done and co-operated with the police,” he said.
“This happened during an emotionally stressful time on her life.”
He explained her transition from male to female, saying that she was awaiting surgery to complete the change and said: “If she is sentenced to imprisonment you can imagine the problems that could cause. Prison is not geared up to cope with people in her position.”
2017 England Woman caught with extreme animal porn celebrates as she walks free from court Liverpool Echo
“Wendy Jones, 54, amassed a sick stash over four years including pictures of women having sex with horses, dogs and a pig.”
A twitter conversation reveals why this bloke was called a ‘woman’, here.
2016 USA Transgender Woman Pleads Guilty to Videotaping Teen In Target Dressing Room East Idaho News
“Shauna Patricia Smith, 46, whose legal name is Sean Patrick Smith, was originally scheduled for a jury trial later this month. But Smith appeared before District Judge Joel Tingey in a Bonneville County courtroom Monday and unexpectedly entered the guilty plea….A witness reported that a man, dressed in women’s clothing, had entered a fitting room in the store. The section of the dressing room in the Idaho Falls Target is clearly marked as for women.
Court records show the suspect, later identified as Smith, was seen videotaping a teenager in a stall next to him while she was trying on swimwear.”
England 2018 Transgender inmate of male prison ‘prepared to die’ in hunger strike Guardian
“Marie Dean, 50, is being held at HMP Preston, Lancashire, where she is protesting over what she claims is a “nightmare” refusal of the Ministry of Justice to recognise she is a woman.”
Dean was jailed indefinitely in 2009, according to this report in the Lancashire Herald.
“Gary Dean Marie, 42, committed more than 30 offences, including voyeurism, aggravated burglary and assaulting police officers, a court heard yesterday. Marie, of Lubbock Street, Burnley, was a sexual offender who broke into several homes and filmed himself wearing underwear belonging to teenage girls in Burnley and Padiham, Preston Crown Court was told.”
USA 2017: Registered Sex Offender Gets Prison for Raping 15-Year-Old USA News
“The Bozeman Daily Chronicle reports 28-year-old Aliea Rose Brown was sentenced Monday after pleading guilty in June. She was given credit for the year she has spent in jail. Brown, the girl and her mother all told investigators that the mother consented to the relationship despite knowing Brown was a sex offender. Brown, previously known as Albert Brown, was convicted of rape as a juvenile in 2005.”
Video: Women Decide For Yourselves
Most of the men whose crimes are described in this video identified as trans. Here is a list:
Thomas Lee Benson: ID unknown, dressed as a woman to enter women’s locker rooms
Taylor Buehler: ID unknown, dressed as a woman to enter women’s bathroom
Lila Perry: IDs as Trans
James “Jimmy” Lilly: IDs as Trans
Norwood Smith Burnes: ID unknown, dressed as a women to expose himself to children
Michelle-Lael Norsworthy: IDs as Trans
Patrick/Patty Lou Hagan: IDs as Trans
Mario Morales-Herrera: ID unknown, dressed as a woman to spy in women’s bathroom
Albert/Dee Dee Webber: IDs as Trans
Mark Lazarus: ID unknown, dressed as a woman to assault a woman in a public bathroom
“Jane Doe”: IDs as Trans
Christopher Hambrook: ID unknown, dressed as a woman to enter two women’s shelter and sexually assaulted women.
Matthew Harks: IDs as Trans
Richard Chaperon: IDs as Trans
Claire Lawton and Peter/Tanya Steel: both ID as Trans
Luis Morales/Synthia Blast: IDs as Trans
Dennis Wayne/Allison Denise Woolbert: IDs as Trans
Stefonknee Wolscht: IDs as Trans
Douglas/ Donna Perry: IDs as Trans
Hadden Clark: IDs as Trans
Robert/Michelle Kosilek: IDs as Trans
Russell Williams: ID unknown
Jillyin James: IDs as Trans
Murder and manslaughter
“DESERT HOT SPRINGS, Calif. – Documents just filed in Marin County, California show Jason Michael Hann is now known as Jessica Marie Hann, and is now a female “to match my gender identity.”
On Feb. 21, 2014, an Indio judge sentenced then 40 year old Jason Hann to death for killing his 10 month old daughter, named Montana, in 2001. At the time, Hann and Montana’s mother, Krissy Lynn Werntz, now 39, were living in Desert Hot Springs.”
“A teenager who said she killed her parents and the family’s pet dog because of struggles with her gender identity has been sentenced to 40 years in jail. Andrea Balcer was 17 at the time when she “snapped” and fatally stabbed her parents Alice and Antonio Balcer at their home in Winthrop, Maine, on October 31, 2016.”
“Court documents state Boniello admitted to punching, slapping, shaking and finally squeezing the baby until she was motionless.”
“Andrea Balcer, 19, is set to plead guilty to plunging a hunting knife into her mom Alice’s back on the morning of Halloween 2016 at a hearing Wednesday afternoon. She will also admit killing father Antonio after he woke up to the sound of his wife’s screams, as well as the family’s pet chihuahua at their home in Winthrop, Me.”
“A homeless transgender woman, who strangled to death a man with whom she had a decade-long friendship after being invited to live in his Portland, Ore., apartment, was sentenced Thursday to 18 years in prison. Paris McConville, 35, pleaded guilty to one count each of first-degree manslaughter and second-degree assault in the August 2017 death of Ryan Thompson, 35, FOX12 Oregon reported.”
“A transgender woman admitted she shot her former Walmart co-worker in a dispute over transgender issues.Zachary T. McClimans, who also is referred to as Claire Wolfever in court records, pleaded guilty this week in Mercer County Court of Common Pleas to attempted first-degree murder for shooting and wounding Jayson Hall at the Walmart in Hermitage on Nov. 3, 2016.”
“The two women are both transgender and neighbors say they kept to themselves.”
“A father-of-two was stabbed to death with a kitchen knife in a crack cocaine-fuelled attack by a transgender woman, who later hanged herself in prison.”
“Paris James McConville, 34, turned herself in to police and said she had killed a person in self-defense on the 700 block of Southwest St. Claire Avenue. The Multnomah County Jail lists McConville as a man, but court documents refer to her as a woman… McConville said she strangled Thompson during an altercation and later said she stabbed him, as well…McConville told investigators she killed Thompson by a bed, moved the body into a bath tub, took out the items Thompson was carrying and placed them into the sink and used a long strip of packing tape on Thompson’s hands.”
“Green, who was previously known as Peter Laing, had been accused of ‘inappropriate behaviour’ with inmates before. Following her murder conviction in 2013 she was moved out of Corton Vale women’s prison after the allegations. Green and her friends Kevin McDonagh and Dean Smith, were found guilty of murdering Robert Shankland, 45. They tortured him for hours before killing him. She was jailed for 18 years.”
2017 USA A stripper said he was a ‘cannibal,’ then killed him with a pen and a dresser drawer, police say (Warning: this is gruesome)
“Justin Tyler Calhoun, 24, listed in jail records as a female and homeless who works as a stripper in Tampa, Florida, was arrested for attempted second-degree murder after admitting to the attack, police spokeswoman Alyson Crean said. In the arrest affidavit, detectives refer to Calhoun with male pronouns. During her first appearance Tuesday in court, Calhoun rolled her eyes as the charges against her were being read aloud. She is being held without bond.”
2017 USA Woman arrested over violent triple murder of lesbian couple and adopted son (Dana Rivers)
“The woman who stands accused of their murder made headlines in 1999, when she was suspended from her teaching post at Center High School in Sacramento after discussing plans to undergo gender reassignment surgery.
Born David Warfield, the award-winning teacher had begun hormone therapy when she was accused of inappropriate discussions with her students about her transition. She was later awarded $150,000 from the district in compensation.” (It’s interesting that this reporter from Pink News sees nothing wrong with ‘deadnaming’ Rivers while Josh Jackman, writing on the same site, rails against those who do the same for Martin Ponting – see above).
“Transwoman activist Cherno Biko, a 24-year-old male from Ohio, confessed to raping a female “transman” because he wanted to impregnate her and force her to bear his offspring.”
“A federal judge has ordered that the state of Missouri must provide a transgender killer serving a life sentence with hormone replacement therapy, hair removal treatment, and access to ‘gender-affirming’ canteen items. Jessica Hicklin, 38, is a preoperative transgender woman who was born James Hicklin and was convicted of fatally shooting a man in 1995 during a drug-related crime in Clinton, Missouri.”
“The fiend was pursuing a sex swap when he knifed John at least 16 times at his flat in Bonhill, Dunbartonshire, in 2012. It came just hours after they met on a gay dating site. Baker was caged for a minimum of 19 years. He claimed to have acted in self defence but was convicted of murder and attempting to cover up his crime.”
Under Prison heading above, see “Row as transgender prisoner living as woman wins jail’s Miss Fitness competition by ‘country mile'” for more on this charmer.
See under Sex Crimes for Karen Jones, formerly Mark Jones.
She Said She Hated White People. Then She Attacked With Pepper Spray NY Times 11.03.19
“On Saturday, police arrested Thomas Heard, a 37-year-old from the Bronx who identifies as a transgender woman, and charged her with multiple hate-crime felonies and misdemeanors in connection with the two attacks.”
Australia 2019: Evie Amati sentenced to nine years’ prison for 7-Eleven axe attack 18.01.19
Evie Amati has been sentenced to nine years in prison for attempted murder after randomly attacking two people at a convenience store with an axe in inner-Sydney. The transgender woman was found guilty by a jury last August of two counts of wounding with intent to murder and one count of attempted wounding with intent to murder.
England 2018: Drunken transgender women stamp on defenceless teen in train station attack The Mirror 10.11.18
“Drunken transgender women viciously battered a teen in a “heinous attack” at a Tube station that was sparked over a “minor” row. Harrowing footage shows the group repeatedly stamping on the defenceless 19-year-old man as he lay on the floor at Leicester Square station in central London.”
“A violent criminal who stabbed a man in the liver is to be sent to an all-women’s prison after a court heard she intends to undergo gender reassignment treatment. Stephen Mottershead, 41, who has a string of past criminal offenses, was arrested following the stabbing over a row about noise at an apartment block in Manchester.”
“Bregazzi has 64 previous convictions and has been diagnosed with a histrionic personality disorder.”
2018 Scotland: Transgender prisoner branded one of Scotland’s most dangerous scalded in revenge for razor attack Daily Record
“A violent prisoner had boiling water thrown over her after she slashed another con. Transgender Tiffany Scott, previously Andrew Burns, needed treatment to serious injuries after the revenge attack at Edinburgh’s Saughton Prison. Minutes earlier the thug – one of Scotland’s most dangerous prisoners – had slashed a fellow convict with a razor blade during an argument over a mirror.”
“She has a string of conviction for crimes including assaults, vandalism and resisting arrests. In 2010, she assaulted a nurse when he escaped a hospital in Crewe, Cheshire. Four years ago, she also admitted stalking a 13-year-old girl by sending her letters from her cell at Polmont Prison, near Falkirk.”
“Harry Wilkins, 22, and Carlos Martinez, 20, have been charged with second-degree robbery for allegedly stealing money from a cab driver near the Clarion Hotel in Franklin Township on Nov. 5, 2016. Somerset County County Assistant Prosecutor Anthony Parenti is arguing that Wilkins and Martinez wanted the taxi driver to drive them home to the Bronx in New York, but they allegedly sprayed the driver with pepper spray, threatened him with scissors, and took his money.”
USA 2018: ‘LET’S TAKE IT OUTSIDE!’ Furious transgender woman threatens shop worker after he calls him ‘sir’ not ‘maam’ The Sun 28.12.18
THIS is the dramatic moment a furious transgender woman threatened a shop employee after he called her “sir” instead of “maam”.
Trouble flared when the blonde woman demanded her “f***ing” money back from the male worker behind the counter of the GameStop store in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
“Wakeen “LaLa” Best was found guilty of animal cruelty, auto burglary and vandalism.” NOT A WOMAN!
US Marshals are on the hunt for a transgender mother accused of keeping her two young daughters in deplorable conditions at their home in Texas.
Aria Young, 31, who was born a man named Jacob O’Donnell but now identifies as a woman, faces charges of injury to a child. He fathered the children while still a man.
According to the US Marshals Service, Young kept her children, ages five and six, locked in a closet for hours at a time. Neither girl knew how to talk.
England 2018: Trans woman jailed for explosives offence wins legal right to change gender Independent 17.10.18
“A father-of-seven who lives as a woman and was jailed for possessing explosives has won the right to be recognised as female. The woman began formal action against Justice Secretary David Gauke in 2014, after a specialist panel said she did not satisfy the terms of the 2004 Gender Recognition Act and refused to approve her application.”
England 2018: Trans offender seeks to wipe crimes as a man from record Times 09.09.18
““I do not wish my gender history to be more widely known and do not wish to disclose my trans status to employers,” the woman, who asked to be identified only as Helen, said. She is to launch a judicial review to remove two convictions for “importuning as a man” when she worked at a Soho “clip joint” in the 1970s and 1980s.”
Screenshots of stories from elsewhere